What is the definition of addiction?

 What is the definition of addiction?

Addiction means the physical and psychological surrender to a certain habit, drug, or activity so that living becomes organically and psychologically dependent on it and difficult to leave it, and addiction affects the work of the body and brain and has serious damage and problems affecting families, social relationships, and the workplace and study.

So to answer the question of what is addictive

What is an addict

It is the addict who finds a convincing justification and incentive to repeat the addictive activity despite its harm and severe consequences.

Addictions involve the use of certain substances such as alcohol, opiates, cocaine, and nicotine, or may involve certain behaviors such as gambling.

 Causes of addiction

The causes of addiction are associated with environmental, genetic, and psychological factors, and more than one factor may combine to cause addiction, or it may be one factor that has a strong influence on the person to start the path of addiction, these factors include the following:

Environmental factors: one of the environmental factors that increase the availability of people with addiction, especially adolescents:

Poor social relations

Family breakdown

Family intervention

Family neglect

An individual's personal history, such as being physically or sexually assaulted.

Genetic factors: once you start taking addictive substances, the disease of addiction may develop due to inherited (genetic) traits, which may delay or accelerate the disease.

Psychological factors such as psychological stress, sadness, and depression, the presence of emotional deficiency or emptiness in the patient, life stressors.

Read more on the medical website:

What is the physiology of addiction

There is evidence that addictive behaviors share key neurobiological features, they mainly affect brain pathways related to reward and reinforcement which include the neurotransmitter responsible for feeling pleasure dopamine, and therefore affect the way the brain feels pleasure.

It is important to know that such changes in the brain are reversible after stopping the use of addictive substances or addictive behavior. Symptoms of addiction

Symptoms of addiction include:

Feeling the need to take the drug or substance you are addicted to Daily.

Gradual intake of larger amounts over time, because of the lack of effect of the amounts to which the body is accustomed.

Ensure the availability of sufficient quantities of the substance addicted to it and fear of interruption.

Give material priority to the purchase of drugs or drugs addicted to them.

Not completing tasks either at work or studying.

Stay away from people in general, or reduce social relationships.

Decrease in weight.

The pallor of the face.

Fatigue and tension.

Enlargement of the liver and spleen.

 How is addiction diagnosed?

Diagnosis of drug addiction or other substance addiction needs to be done by:

Comprehensive evaluation by a psychiatrist, or drug and alcohol specialist.

Laboratory tests of blood and urine, but are not diagnostic tests for addiction but can be used for treatment purposes.

To diagnose substance use disorder, most mental health professionals use criteria in the diagnostic manual addiction treatment

Families wonder what addiction treatment is The doctor can use one of the following therapeutic approaches to treat addiction:

Dispensing drugs against withdrawal factors caused by leaving addiction.

Dispensing medications that help to concentrate or sleep according to the patient's needs and health status.

Admission of the patient to a competent sanatorium.

Organize individual or family therapy sessions.

Focus on understanding the nature of addiction, becoming drug-free, and preventing relapse.

Tips for coping with addiction

The addict should realize the importance of addiction treatment, and try to do all the things that help them overcome their addiction by the following:

Keep calm and relaxed.

Take enough sleep.

Stay away from the triggers of sadness and anxiety.

Eat balanced food.

Stay away from addiction-promoting groups.

Leave the places they used to take drugs.

Thinking about how addiction can be prevented

Addiction can be prevented by avoiding taking any drugs that contain addictive substances, and in the absence of an alternative, the doctor should follow up on the doses taken, and the complications associated with taking it first.

It is necessary to focus on preventing children and adolescents from taking any narcotic drugs or drugs and this is done through:

Talk to children about the dangers of drugs, whether for mental, physical, or social health.

Listen to children's problems, help them solve them, so as not to cause them psychological stress.

Do not consume alcohol or drugs in front of children.

Strengthen children's relationship with their parents.  

Monitor children and adolescents, to notice any changes they live, and in case of detection of falling into the cycle of addiction, you should give them advice and try to convince them of the harm of addiction, and not to use the method of violence with them, so as not to produce a bad reverse reaction from the situation.

Addictive complications

The complications of addiction are many, including physical, psychological, or social, examples of which include the following:

Heart disease.

Respiratory diseases.

Depression and stress.

Hormonal imbalances.


Death and suicide.


Isolation from people.

Disrupt daily activities and relationships.

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