Autism, or autism and is one of the disorders belonging to the group of disorders of the development of the law in medical disorders in the spectrum of autism (Autism Spectrum Disorders - ASD), appears in infancy before the child reaches the age of three years at most.

Although the severity and symptoms of autism vary from case to case, all disorders of the self affect a child's ability to communicate and develop relationships with those around him or her.

Estimates show that 6 out of every 1,000 children in the United States have autism and that the number of diagnosed cases of the disorder is constantly increasing.

It is not yet known whether this increase is the result of better detection and reporting of cases, whether it is a real and real increase in the number of people with autism or the result of both of these factors.

Although there is no cure for autism yet, intensive treatment and early diagnosis can make a significant difference in the lives of children with the disorder

The main difficulties experienced by autistic patients

Children with autism also almost certainly have difficulties in three basic developmental areas::

Mutual social relations.
As children age towards adulthood, some of them may become more able and willing to socialize and integrate into the surrounding social environment, they may exhibit fewer behavioral disorders than that characteristic of autism, and some even succeed in living a normal life or lifestyle close to normal.

Others, on the other hand, continue to have difficulties in language skills and in mutual social relations, so their adulthood worsens their behavioral problems.

Some children are slow to learn new information and skills, and others have a normal IQ, or even higher than other normal people, these children learn quickly but have communication problems in applying things learned in their daily lives and in coping with different situations.

A very small proportion of children with autism are self-educated and possess exceptional skills, particularly concentrated in a particular field, such as art, mathematics, or music.

Symptoms of autism
Because the signs and symptoms of autism vary from patient to patient, each of two different children with the same medical diagnosis is likely to behave in very different ways and have entirely different skills.

But high-risk cases of autism are characterized in the majority of cases by an absolute inability to communicate or to establish mutual relations with other people.

Most children develop autism symptoms in infancy, while others may grow up and develop quite normally during the first months or years of life but suddenly become closed-minded, hostile, or lose the language skills they have acquired up to that point.

Although each child has symptoms of autism and shows their own patterns, the following symptoms are the most common for this type of disorder:

1. Disorders of social skills
The patient's symptoms are as follows:

He doesn't respond to his name call.
No more direct eye contact.
He doesn't seem to hear his speech.
He refuses to hug or shrink on himself.
It seems that he does not perceive the feelings and sensations of others.
It seems that he likes to play alone, expecting in his world his own person.
2. Problems with language skills
The following are the main symptoms of language skills difficulties:

The speech begins at a later age than in other children.
He loses the ability to say certain words or sentences that he previously knew.
He makes visual contact when he wants something.
He speaks in a strange voice or in different tones and rhythms, or he speaks using a singing voice, or in a voice similar to that of a robot.
He cannot initiate a conversation or continue an existing conversation.
He may repeat words, phrases, or terms but he does not know how to use them.
3. Behavioral problems
The following are the main symptoms of behavioral problems in an autistic patient:

It performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning in circles, or waving hands.
He develops habits and rituals that he always repeats.
It loses its knife when there is any change, even the simplest or smallest change, in these customs or rituals.
Be constantly in motion.
He is amazed and fascinated by certain parts of the objects, such as the rotation of a wheel in a toy car.
He is overly sensitive to light, sound, or touch, but is unable to feel pain.
Young children experience difficulties when asked to share their experiences with others.
Causes and Risk Factors of autism
There is not one single factor known as a definitively confirmed cause of autism.

But taking into account the complexity of the disease, the extent of the autism disorder, and the fact that there is no mismatch between two same-sex situations, that is, between two same-sex children, it is likely that there are many factors for the causes of autism.

Causes of autism
One of the most important causes that may lead to autism:

1. Genetic disorders

Researchers have discovered several genes likely to play a role in causing autism, some of which make a child more susceptible to the disorder, while others affect brain growth and development and the way brain cells communicate with each other.

A genetic disorder in itself and alone may be responsible for a number of conditions of subjectivity, but in a holistic view, it seems that genes, in general, have a very central and even decisive influence on autism disorder, and some genetic disorders may be transmitted genetically, while others may appear spontaneously (u E.).

2. Environmental factors
A large part of health problems are the result of genetic and environmental factors combined together, and this may be true in the case of autism.

Recently, researchers are examining the possibility that a viral infection, or environmental pollution, maybe a trigger for autism.

3. Other factors
Other factors that have been studied recently include: problems during labor, and the role of the immune system in everything related to autism.

Some researchers believe that damage to the amygdala, a part of the brain that acts as a risk detector, is one of the factors that trigger the onset of autism.

Risk factors for autism
A child of any origin or nationality may develop self-worth, but there are known risk factors that increase the likelihood of self-worth, including:

1. Child sex
Research has shown that male children are three times more likely to develop autosomalacia than females. 

2. Family history
Families with an autistic child have a higher probability of having another child with the disease, and it is common knowledge that parents or relatives with an autistic child themselves have certain disorders in certain developmental skills, or developmental, or even certain self-behaviors.

3. Other disorders
Children with certain medical problems are more likely to develop autosomiasis, these medical problems include:

Fragile X chromosome syndrome is an inherited syndrome that leads to mental dysfunction.
Design tuberous, which leads to the development of tumors in the brain.
The neurological disorder is known as Tourette's syndrome.
Epilepsy that causes seizures.
4. Parent's age
Researchers tend to believe that parenthood at a later age may increase the likelihood of autism.

Very comprehensive research has shown that children born to men over the age of forty are 6 times more likely to develop autism than children born to parents under the age of thirty.

Complications of autism
From complications of autism what comes:

Inability to succeed in the study.
Social isolation.
Inability to live independently.
Abuse and deal with them violently.

Diagnosis of autism

The treating pediatrician conducts regular examinations of growth and development with the aim of detecting developmental delays in the child.

In case of symptoms of autism in a child, you can go to a doctor who specializes in the treatment of autism, who, in cooperation with a team of other specialists, carefully assesses the disorder.

Because autism ranges from very many degrees of severity to the severity of its symptoms, self-diagnosis can be a complex and complex task, as there is no specific medical examination to detect an existing condition of autism.

Diagnosis of the disease
The formal assessment of autism includes the following:

A specialist doctor's examination of the child.
Conversation with parents about the child's social skills, language abilities, and behavior, and how and how these factors change and evolve over time.
Subject the child to several tests and tests to assess his speech and language abilities and examine some psychological aspects.
Although the initial symptoms of autism appear before the age of 18 months, the final diagnosis is sometimes only when the child reaches the age of two or three years, when there is a developmental defect, a delay in the acquisition of language skills, or an imbalance in social relations.

Early diagnosis is very important, because early intervention, especially before the child reaches the age of three, is a very important element in achieving the best prospects and opportunities for improvement.

Autism treatment
To date, there is no single treatment available for all people with the same amount, and in fact, the range of treatments available to autism patients that can be adopted at home or at school is astonishingly diverse.

Autism treatment includes:

Behavioral therapy.
Treatments for speech and language diseases.
Educational and educational therapy.
Drug therapy.
Prevention of autism
There is no way to prevent autism, but early diagnosis serves to improve the behavior of the person with autism.

Alternative treatments
Due to the fact that autism is a very difficult and intractable condition that has no cure, many parents resort to solutions offered by Alternative Medicine.

Although some families have reported positive results after treating autism with a special diet and other alternative treatments, researchers cannot confirm or deny the effectiveness of these various treatments on autism patients.

Some very common alternative treatments include:

Innovative treatments.
Follow their own diets.

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